Although officially the winter has not come yet, low temperatures, strong winds and frosts we suffered in many parts of Spain tells us that winter is already installed between us. Without doubt, winter is the season’s forces us to prepare to meet it with the greatest possible comfort, but still can always surprise us.
If you tend to live in areas where snow and cold are an everyday sight during these months, you probably already are prepared to not take any disgust when driving and also know how to protect your car. However, the climate of our geography is varied, and can not forget we approach festivities where road travel will multiply. Therefore, it is not surprising that many drivers look surprised by unfamiliar situations or unusual characteristic of winter?
Do you know how you must drive on an icy surface Could you tell how many chains have to put in your car, in which wheels? ¿ It is your car ready to endure low temperatures?
So, like we did with the arrival of autumn, from Brake Motor want to give you some simple tips so that both you and your vehicle may be ready to deal with complete safety and security winter weather. Because ignorance is not a lack of knowledge, but the refusal to acquire them.
The three aspects to monitor in your car
Fortunately, the time when the cars were literally frozen and had not got pluck human being left far behind. Today, the various manufacturers subject their future models ordeals including the hardiness is. However, no matter how prepared you are our car to endure low temperatures, otherwise use the right products, we will regret in the future. So take good note on three sections of vital importance to watch in our car.
Oil viscosity and
On the differences between the different types of oil and its importance to our engine already talked clearly in Brake Motor, but it never hurts to refresh your memory. As you know, the main feature of an oil is its viscosity, which in the boats indicated by an expression such as “15W-40”. From these figures, the first indicates the oil viscosity cold, so how much lower is better. However, economically speaking not have to spend as the premium can reach 50%, so anything we use having a 5W oil that provides lubrication up to -17 yes, even remotely, we will be in areas where such temperatures are reached.
The windshield wiper fluid
Surely you know the home remedy to replace the typical wiper fluid by distilled water mixed with an ordinary cleaner. However, winter is not advisable that remedy, particularly by the theme of ice. And it is certain that you might find that when you remove that pesky ice our windshield, there are liquids that are an excellent partner, and which do not melt the ice and because, according to brands even have hydrophobic properties (repel water) And considering that its price is usually between 4 and 5 euros, is not a purchase you should think twice.
Is using, or not using winter tires?
With the price they have, I bet most drivers lack of tires for the winter and tires for summer, so it is normal that we use the same tires regardless of the season. Are we playing with our security?
The truth is that you just want to mount winter tires if you live in areas where the maximum temperature does not exceed 7° C because of its better grip on icy surfaces with water and cold asphalt.
However, if you have to mount winter tires, we recommend that you do not rely on the tires Mud and Snow (mud and snow) and differences the rest with its inscription “M + S”. This inscription often wear many SUV tires, although this is not synonymous with a better grip on surfaces covered with mud and snow, as the name “M + S” is governed by rules dating from the 50s, so almost any tire may be approved as such.
What kind of strings should you use?
The snow is the most dangerous enemy to any driver who is not used to deal with it. Luckily, we have a loyal and helpful allies that will prevent end up in the gutter for lack of adherence. But you know what strings are the most appropriate for you? Do you know the different types?
The metal chains
We can say that are classic chains lifelong formed by steel links. They are ideal for roads with heavy snow and very durable and resistant. The problem is that they are somewhat complicated to install, especially if you have no experience, so are advisable only for those who live in areas where snow is common every winter.
The textile chains
Highly recommended for travelers to snow for a short period of time zones, as they are very easy to install. However, we must note that in case there are spent and little snow can degrade easily.
The spray snow
It is a spray that is applied to the tread of the tire and allows us to shoot a few miles with an extra grip on snow, so are ideal if we are surprised by an unexpected snowfall, but never be regarded as a daily alternative to the chains.
Where to place the chains
Once we know what types of chains are the most desirable for us, we arrived at a defining moment of vital importance and, oddly enough, more than one driver ignored. What wheels should I put the chains? Well, the response varies pull type having our vehicle.
Front wheel drive
Contrary to what usually happens dry, so this is most effective for driving on snow than a rear-wheel drive as support more weight. As is easy to imagine, chains go on the front wheels.
With this configuration driving on snow can become an ordeal because they support both the weight of the car as a front wheel drive. So chains are mounted obviously on the wheels of the rear axle, but can also put on four wheels.
This is where we can confuse a bit, since we have to differentiate whether our car has permanent four wheel drive or, on the contrary, is a full-time traction system. In the first case, the chains will always go to the front wheels, while in the second we put the chains on the wheels constantly support shaft traction.
And when driving …
Factors that hinder winter driving are multiple: cold, rain, ice, snow, hail, and longer hours of darkness are some examples of items that can hassling the journey and requires extreme caution when going after the wheel. So try to give you some simple and useful tips when driving under the influence of these elements of nature.
If it catches a great hailstorm
Strangely enough, a road full of hail is even more slippery than an icy road as hail acts on the adherence of our vehicle like small balls or marbles are treated. Also tremendously reduce visibility, and may even damage the windshield of our vehicle. So in these cases it is advisable to stop running and wait for the hail was founded.
No starts first
If you are on a steady slide the key to not losing grip is to start very gently. On cars equipped with traction control maybe not necessary, but still the car is skidding, try to boot into second, or even third gear. It is clear that the clutch will slip enough, so also make sure that no smoke from underneath the car. Depending on the type of traction, another simple trick is to climb two people on the hood or trunk of the car to give more weight to the drive wheels and power take off.
The ice on the asphalt
When the temperature is below 4 ° C is more than likely that we can find ice on the road, so it pays special attention to the pools, as they can be frozen, take curves at moderate speed smoothly, avoiding curb near the entrance thereto, and be especially careful at the outputs of the motorways, as it is usually normal for take at a higher speed recommended.
One of the biggest dangers of driving on icy surfaces are curiously, vehicles that precede us. And is that at any time one of them may sustain a total loss of grip and start to skid out of control. Normally in this situation is that instinctively we tread the brake pedal abruptly, which can cause also lose control, and instinctively we usually be facing the obstacle rather than the site where we can avoid it. Obviously, avoid this fact requires training, but be aware of the fact it is a first step.
In closing, just say that I hope these simple tips and tricks will have served to better understand the dangers and disadvantages that entails driving with own winter weather conditions and the best way to have our vehicle ready. And as always, ask caution on the road, and you enjoy the most of this holiday season.